Overpopulation, with a projected global population of 9.7 billion by 2050, presents challenges in resource scarcity, environmental degradation, and social inequality. This article explores strategies like family planning, education, and sustainable living to address overpopulation while discussing ethical, political, and economic hurdles.
Population projections are estimates of future population size and composition. They are made using mathematical models that consider factors like birth rates, death rates, migration, and aging. Accuracy depends on data quality and assumptions, with multiple projections accounting for uncertainty and policy scenarios.
Population growth and associated human activities like land conversion, resource use, and pollution release are damaging the environment. This leads to deforestation, water scarcity, air pollution, global warming, loss of biodiversity, and resource depletion. To mitigate these effects, sustainable practices and responsible consumption and production are necessary.